Understanding silver hallmarks

Lion head erased , in use as London Mark for silver of Britannia standard. London – Isaac Devenport. London – William Scarlett. London – John Smith. London – William Burridge. London – Henry Clarke. London – Andrew Archer. London – Samuel Hitchcock.

Dating silver plate marks

Our goal is to include every important online source of silver, gold, and jewelry marks on this list. If you know of any marks sites that aren’t listed below, please contact us at chicagosilver charter. For an index to this master list of marks, click here. Chicago Silver Marks. Kalo Marks. Deciphering Numbers on Silver from Assn.

Silver, palladium, gold and platinum are rarely used in their purest form but There are now 4 Assay Offices in the UK – London, Edinburgh, Birmingham Silver. The Date Letter – optional. Until the date letter was compulsory. This is The UK has been a signatory to the International Convention on Hallmarks since.

The vast majority of English, Scottish and Irish silver produced in the last years is stamped with either four or five symbols, known as hallmarks. The prime purpose of these marks is to show that the metal of the item upon which they are stamped is of a certain level of purity. The metal is tested and marked at special offices, regulated by the government, known as assay offices.

Only metal of the required standard will be marked. It is a form of consumer protection, whose origin goes back almost years. There are so many different hallmarks found on British silver that to know all of them would be impossible. Fortunately, with the use of a single reference book, it is possible for even a complete novice to decipher the vast majority.

Birmingham Hallmarks

A silver object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more silver hallmarks indicating the purity of the silver, the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith, and other optional markings to indicate date of manufacture and additional information about the piece. In some countries, the testing of silver objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assayer’s office. Hallmarks are applied with a hammer and punch, a process that leaves sharp edges and spurs of metal.

Therefore, hallmarking is generally done before the piece goes for its final polishing.

These tests are carried out only by an Assay Office, of which there are four in the UL – London, Birmingham, Sheffield and Edinburgh. The Hallmarking Act

The vast majority of English, Scottish and Irish silver produced in the last years is stamped with either 4 or 5 symbols, known as hallmarks. The prime purpose of these marks is to show that the metal of the item upon which they are stamped is of a certain level of purity. The metal is tested and marked at special offices, regulated by the government, known as assay offices.

Only metal of the required standard will be marked. It is a form of consumer protection, whose origin goes back almost years. There are so many different hallmarks found on British silver that to know all of them would be impossible. Fortunately, with the use of a single reference book, it is possible for even a complete novice to decipher the vast majority.

Although there are many books on the market which can be used to help read hallmarks, the standard book of reference, used by dealers and collectors world wide is Bradbury’s Book of Hallmarks. This pocket sized reference contains all of the marks that one is likely to encounter on a regular basis. Armed with this book, the process of reading these marks can be split into the 5 simple steps shown below.

Bradbury’s book of hallmarks was last updated in by the Sheffield Assay office. It can be purchased directly from there or from any major book seller.

ENGLISH SILVER MARKS

Your browser seems to be an outdated Internet Explorer 7, and we cannot guarantee your experience of the features on our website. Download and read more at Microsoft here. Like any date letters; date silver hallmarks can be found on Hallmarks are no longer compulsory there are 5 standard marks include german silver chat! Our dating marks on a brilliant white metallic luster.

LONDON MARKS: BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS. London: Birmingham: Dublin: Edinburgh: Glasgow: Sheffield: Chester: HALLMARKS OF.

Do you have a piece of gold jewellery and would like to know more information about it? Gold-Traders has compiled a gold hallmark identification wizard to help decipher the markings that are stamped on your item. Have a look at your piece of jewellery. These markings will be pretty small, so you’ll need a magnifying glass to see them properly! Note : The following gold hallmarking identification wizard is supplied without warranty. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure its accuracy, we offer no guarantees.

Hallmarking

To be sold as Silver or any other precious metal, all finished items must undergo tests carried out by the assay office. There are four Assay offices in the UK London, Birmingham, Sheffield and Edinburgh and each undertakes tests to ascertain the precise metal content of the items delivered to it to ensure they comply with the law. The Sterling Silver standard requires all of the metal making up an item to contain parts pure Silver to the When an article of Silver doesn’t comply with the required standard the assay offices can and do destroy the object and the Silversmith has some explaining to do.

Although it has to be said that most cases are a result of miscalculation.

Help with Hallmarks allows users to quickly identify metal marks. preloaded with all date letters from the 11 UK assay offices dating back to as well as collectors, antique and second hand dealers, silver experts.

This page of Birmingham Maker’s Marks is organized alphabetically by the first letter in the mark. This is just a small sampling, as there exist many, many thousands of registered British makers. The page is, however, a work in progress and will grow over time. If a mark illustrated here matches one you are researching, there is a possibility another may have made it. Zimmerman Birmingham – c. Birmingham – 1st h. Arthur Cook Birmingham – 1st q. Arthur Downing Ltd. Birmingham – 1st q.

English Silver Makers Marks

King Hiero II of Syracuse gave Archimedes the assignment to investigate the purity of a newly commissioned golden wreath, believing silver was added to the gold content. Although the technicalities in this legendary story are most likely based on myth, it does give an early account of fraud with precious metals. The German Crown in a Sun Hallmark. Image Courtesy of the Hallmark Research Institute. From medieval times to the midth century, hallmarks were used only as a means of consumer protection.

Britannia silver standard hallmarks in Great Britain: an article by Giovanni Ciceri in Ireland (the Union Act date later: note 6), in Birmingham and Sheffield (their​.

Vintage Watchstraps. I started my pages about hallmarking to document information about imported watches, which is not readily available in the standard references such as Bradbury and Chaffers. However, I realised that many people with a watch that they have perhaps been given or inherited don’t have ready access to these standard works, so on this page I show some examples of the British hallmarks that were found in any watch cases that were hallmarked before 1 June , and which continued to be used in British manufactured watch cases after I can’t for copyright reasons apart from anything else reproduce the information in Bradbury or Chaffers, but I hope the examples here will help you read the hallmarks in your own watch.

If you want some help, don’t hesitate to email me, but do try to send me a clear picture or sketch of the mark you need help with. Please bear in mind that in this context “silver” means the element silver, number 48 on the periodic table. It does not mean “silver coloured” or silver plated. In Britain it is illegal to describe something as silver unless it is mainly composed of silver. Small amounts of alloy are allowed for practical reasons, but an item described as sterling silver must be at least Similar considerations apply to the word “gold”.

Hallmarking at Assay Office Birmingham